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Historical data

Lipizza, (or rather "the land of the linden tree") is situated a few kilometres north of Trieste and was chosen as the home of the new stud farm by the Archduke Charles of  Styria, third son of the Emperor Ferdinand 1st of Austria. This decision was influenced by the quality of the horses that populated the Kras and the Aquileise areas and by the healthy climate of the Italian region, in addition to the proximity to areas of long standing tradition in horse breeding of top quality horses. On the 10th May 1508 the first “mares” arrived in Lipizza from the Aquileiese, Polesine and Veronese areas of Italy, fruit of centuries of Italian selection and production. Other  "mares" were bred in the Iberian peninsula, hailing from a breed known for its elegant movement and “tall stature”. Soon later some Andalusia stallions were imported along with some mares of the same breed. The Italian contribution was evident in the creation of the “basic nucleus” of the new stud farm, that in a short period became famous throughout Europe and the rest of the world. Thus the oldest European Equine breed was born: “The Lipizzaner Horse”.
The land of the linden tree was an Italian territory until the Second World war, when it followed the nearby Fiume. Italy did not limit itself to “hosting” this incredible patrimony for centuries nor to providing the first mares but over time it helped form and select the important blood lines of the Lipizzaner. To date two of the seven original male families carrying the name “Progenitor Stallion” are of Italian origin.
The modern Lipizzaner stud farm is based on “ six stock lines” originating from these stallions:

  • Conversano - black, born in 1767, imported from Naples;
  • Napolitano - bay, born in 1790, imported from Naples;
  • Pluto - white, born in 1765, from the stud farm of Danish Royalty from Fredericksburg;
  • Favory - sorrel, born in 1779, from the stud farm of Court of Kladrub;
  • Maestoso - white, born in 1773, from the stud farm of Court of Kladrub;
  • Siglavy - white, born in 1810, imported from Arabia.

Definitively, current production of the pure breed Lipizzaner horse is derived from  two Italian stallions, two Klaudrubs, one Danish and one Arab  from Middle east.
Yugoslavia and thus Serbia, as did  Italy and Austria, managed to preserve a numerous and complete nucleus of the “families” that comprise the Lipizzaner Race and its important genealogical selection chosen 427 years ago; the fulfilment was the fully fledged Tulipan in 1969 from the stables of Szilvasvarad in Hungary.

It is superfluous to mention that the countries listed above represent the main producers of this splendid animal in the world.

Per info (info) Tel/Fax+ 39 045 7550074 Tel (RS) +381 25 862350 (RS) Cell +381 64 2481896
E-mail: info@rediquaglie.com - rdq@sowireless.org